About the Profession

Sonographers are the healthcare professionals who utilize their technical expertise, knowledge of human anatomy, and the physical principles of ultrasound to produce diagnostic images of the body. Ultrasound is used to evaluate many parts of the body, including the abdomen, blood vessels, developing fetus, superficial body structures, and neonatal brains. The sound waves used to obtain these images are at a frequency above the range of human hearing. Sonographers create images of structures by scanning the patient with a transducer that emits high frequency sound waves. The images are interpreted by a physician who provides the medical diagnosis.

Sonographers have extensive, direct patient contact that may include performing some invasive procedures.

They must be able to interact compassionately and effectively with people who range from healthy to critically ill.

The professional responsibilities include, but are not limited to:

  • Obtaining and recording an accurate patient history
  • Performing diagnostic procedures and obtaining diagnostic images
  • Analyzing technical information
  • Using independent judgment in recognizing the need to extend the scope of the procedure according to the diagnostic findings
  • Providing an oral or written summary of the technical findings to the physician for medical diagnosis
  • Providing quality patient care
  • Collaborating with physicians and other members of the health care team