Caren M. Barnes, R.D.H., M.S.

Caren M. Barnes, R.D.H., M.S.

Title: Professor

Department of Dental Hygiene

Address
Room: 2108C
UNMC College of Dentistry
40th and Holdrege
Box 830740
Lincoln, NE 68583-0740

Telephone: (402) 472-5168
Fax: (402) 472-6668
email:

Education:

  • B.S. Texas Woman's University, Denton, Texas, Dental Hygiene/Biology
  • M.S. University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry, Dental Hygiene Education

Teaching Responsibilities:

  • Director OB319 Histology

Research Interests:

  • Phase I, II and II Randomized Clinical Trials
  • Clinical trials with dental products, devices, pharmaceuticals
  • Effects of dental products/devices
  • Airpolishing
  • Power toothbrushing
  • Remineralization
  • Smokeless Tobacco
  • Bisphosphonates
  • Polishing, Abrasives, Dental Materials
  • Protocol Development for Clinical Trials

Recent Publications

  • Weaks, M.D., Lescher, N., Barnes, C.M., Holroyd, S.V.: "Clinical evaluation of the Prophy-Jet as an Instrument for Routine Removal of Tooth Stain and Plaque." J. Periodontology 55:486-488, 1984.
  • Barnes, C.M,. Nelson, K.W., Conover, G.H.: "Evaluation of a Tumor of the Floor of the Mouth." Dental Hygiene 59:504-506, 1985.
  • Barnes, C.M., Hayes, E.F., Leinfelder, K.F.: "Effects of an Air Abrasive Polishing System Upon Dental Restorative Materials." J. Gen. Dent. 35:186-189, 1987.
  • Barnes, C.M., Russell, C.M., Gerbo, L.R., Wells, B., Barnes, D.W.: "Effects of an Air-Powder Polishing System on Orthodontically Bracketed and Banded Teeth." Am. J. Ortho 97:74-81, 1990.
  • Barnes, C.M., Fleming, L.S., Mueninghoff, L.A.: "An SEM Evaluation of the In-Vitro Effects of Airpolishing on Various Implant Surfaces." Int. J. Oral Max Implants.; 6(4): 463-469, 1991.
  • Barnes, C.M., Fleming, L.S.: "An In Vitro Evaluation of Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles," J Dent H.yg ;65(9) 438-441, 1991.
  • Barnes, C.M., "The Management of Aerosols with Airpolishing Delivery Systems," J Dent Hyg.; 65(6): 280-283, 1991.
  • Fleming, L.S., Barnes, C.M., Russell, C.M., "An In Vivo Evaluation of Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles," J Dent Hyg; 65(9): 441-445, 1991.
  • Gerbo L.R,. Barnes C.M., Leinfelder K.F.: "Use of the air-powder polisher prior to bracket placement in clinical orthodontics." Am J Orthodo Dentofac Orthop, 103(1):71-74, 1993.
  • Barnes, C.M., Fleming L.S., Russell, C.M. "An Evaluation of the Performance Characteristics of Selected Disposable Prophylaxis Angles," J Prac Hyg, 2(2): 18-23, 1993.
  • Barnes, C.M, Anderson N.A., Li Y.H., Caufield P.W.: "Effectiveness of traditional steam sterilization in killing spores Bacillus stearothermophilus inoculated within dental prophylaxis angles," Gen Dent , 42(5): 456-458, 1994.
  • Barnes, C.M., Weatherford T.W., Menaker, L.: "A comparison of the Braun D5 Electric and a manual toothbrush in affecting gingivitis," J Clin Dent, 4(2):48-51, 1993.
  • Gerbo L.R., Lacefield W.R., Barnes C.M., Russell C.M.: "Enamel roughness after air-powder polishing," Am J Dent , 6(2): 96-98, 1993.
  • Barnes C.M., Anderson N.A., Michalek S.M., Russell C.M.: "Effectiveness of sealed dental prophylaxis angles inoculated with Bacillus stearothermophilus in preventing leakage," J Clinc Dent 5(2): 35-37, 1994.
  • Anderson N.A., Barnes, C.M., Russell, C.M., Winchester, K.R.: "A clinical comparison of the efficacy of an electromechanical flossing device or manual flossing in affecting interproximal gingival bleeding and plaque accumulation." J Clinic Dent 6(1): 105-108, 1995.
  • Barnes, C.M., "Electric toothbrushes-evidence warrants wider recommendations." Access, May-June 56-59, 1998.
  • Barnes, C.M. Russell C.M., Weatherford T.W. III, "A comparison of the efficacy of a Rowenta MH00 powered toothbrush and a the Braun Plak Control Ultra powered toothbrush in affecting plaque accumulation, gingivitis and gingival bleeding." J Periodontology 70(8): 840-847, 1999.
  • Barnes, C.M., "An Evidenced-Based Review of Sodium Bicarbonate as a Dentifrice Agent," Compendium, 6(3): 3-11, 1999.
  • Barnes, C.M., "Powered Toothbrushes: A Focus on the Evidence," Compendium, 7(2): 3-10, 2000.

BOOKS

  • Armstrong, T.H., Crow, C.M. (Eds.). 1979. "Dental Hygiene Examination Review." Arco Publishing Co. New York.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Barnes, C.M. (Eds.). 1983 "Dental Hygiene Examination Review." 2nd ed., Arco Publishing Co. New York.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "Review for the Dental Hygiene Examination." 3rd ed., Appleton-Lange. Norwalk, Connecticut.
  • Barnes, C.M., Waring M.B. (Eds.). 1994 "Appleton & Lange's Dental Hygiene Review" 4th ed., Appleton & Lange Publishing Inc., Norwalk, Connecticut.

CHAPTERS IN BOOKS

  • Armstrong, T.H., Crow, C.M. 1979. "Clinical Dental Hygiene; Dental Hygiene Examination Review." Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 121-147.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Crow, C.M. 1979. "Dental Health Education." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp.148-160.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Crow, C.M. 1979. "Oral Histology and Embryology." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 209-224.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Crow, C.M. 1979. "General Pathology." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 257-276.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Crow, C.M. 1979. "Oral Pathology." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 2-293.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Barnes, C.M. 1981. "Clinical Dental Hygiene." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. 2nd ed. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 125-151.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Barnes, C.M. 1981. "Dental Health Education." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. 2nd ed. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 152-164.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Barnes, C.M. 1981. "Oral Histology and Embryology." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. 2nd ed. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 196-211.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Barnes, C.M. 1981. "General Pathology." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. 2nd ed. Arco Publishing Co.. New York. pp. 246-265.
  • Armstrong, T.H., Barnes, C.M. 1981. "Oral Pathology." Dental Hygiene Examination Review. 2nd ed. Arco Publishing Co. New York. pp. 266-282.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "Anatomy and Physiology." Review For The Dental Hygiene Examination. 3rd ed. Appleton-Lange. Norwalk. pp. 1-24.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "Head and Neck Anatomy." Review For The Dental Hygiene Examination. 3rd ed. Appleton-Lange. Norwalk. pp. 25-62.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "Clinical Dental Hygiene." Review For The Dental Hygiene Examination. 3rd ed. Appleton-Lange. Norwalk. pp.9-116.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "Oral Histology and Embryology." Review For The Dental Hygiene Examination. 3rd ed. Appleton-Lange. Norwalk. pp. 15.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "General Pathology." Review For The Dental Hygiene Examination. 3rd ed. Appleton-Lange. Norwalk. pp. 201-215.
  • Barnes, C.M. 1987. "Oral Pathology." Review For The Dental Hygiene Examination. 3rd ed. Appleton-Lange. Norwalk. pp. 21-233.
  • Barnes, C.M., Waring M.B. 1994, "General and Oral Histology and Embryology," Appleton & Lange's Review of Dental Hygiene, 4th Ed., Appleton & Lange, Inc., Norwalk.
  • Wilkins, E.M. 1998, "Ultrasonic Scaling" (chapter by Barnes, C.M. and Waring, M.B.), Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist, 8th Ed., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. : 1999.
  • Barnes C.M., Sensat, M. General and Oral Histology Chapter, Prentice Hall's Health Review of Dental Hygiene, 5th ed., Prentice Hall, Saddle River, NJ, 2002.
  • Wilkins E.M.: 2004, Polishing Chapter (by Barnes, C.M. ) Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist, 9th Ed., Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. : 2004.
  • Wilkins E.M.: Polishing Chapter (42) by Barnes, C.M. Clinical Practice of the Dental Hygienist, 10th Ed., Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA. : In Press for 2008.
  • Daniels S., Wilder R. Chapter 23 Dentifrices by Barnes, C.M. Mosby's Dental Hygiene Cases, Concepts and Competencies, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, In Press for 2007.
  • Daniels S., Wilder R. Chapter 24 Devices for Oral Self-Care by Barnes, C.M. Mosby's Dental Hygiene Cases, Concepts and Competencies, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, In Press for 2007.
  • Daniels S., Wilder R. Chapter 23 Polishing by Barnes, C.M. Mosby's Dental Hygiene Cases, Concepts and Competencies, Mosby, St. Louis, MO, In Press for 2007.

Research & Grants

  • October, 1979 Dentsply/Cavitron, Inc. A Scanning Electron Microscopic Evaluation of an Air Abrasive System. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • January, 1981 Dentsply/Cavitron, Inc. A Clinical Evaluation of the Prophy-Jet. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • August, 1985 Nonuniformity of Preclinical Dental Hygiene Instruction. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • August, 1985 Biomedical Research Grant to the University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Dentistry. An In-Vitro Study of the Effects of an Air Abrasive Tooth Polishing System Upon Dental Restorative Materials. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • July, 1986 Dentsply/Cavitron, Inc. Audio Visual Grant Use of the Cavijet. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • January, 1987 Young Dental Mfg. Co. A Comparison of Piezoelectric Ultrasonic Scaling and Hand Instrumentation: An In-Vitro Study By Combined Use of Microroughness Measurements and Scanning Electron Microscopy. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • 1987-1988 Mother Infant Transmission Study, National Institute of Health. Principal Investigator: Dr. Page Caufield
  • April, 1987 A Clinical Comparison of Piezoelectric and Magnetostrictive Ultrasonic Scalers. Funded by Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • May, 1987 Audiovisual Grant Use of the Ultra Scaler. Funded by Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • 1988-1989 A Clinical Study to Compare the Efficacy of Four Commercially Available Toothbrushes. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker, Funded by Oral B
  • June 1988 Dentsply/Cavitron, Inc. The Effects of an Air-Powder Polishing System on Orthodontically Banded and Bracketed Teeth. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • March, 1989 Dentsply Equipment Division Audio-visual Grant Use of the Cavi-Med. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • April, 1989 An SEM Evaluation of the In-Vitro Effect of Airpolishing on Various Implant Surfaces Funded by Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • 1990 A Clinical Study to Compare the Plaque Removal/Gingivitis Reduction Efficacy of Six Toothbrushes After Three Months Of Normal Usage. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker. Funded by Oral B
  • March, 1990 Dentsply/Equipment Division. An In-Vitro Evaluation of the Effects of the Prophy Jet on Selected Implant Surfaces. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes. Survey of Dental Hygiene Educators' Salaries. Co-Investigator: Lisa S. Fleming
  • May, 1990 Comparative Evaluation of Five Commercially Available Disposable Prophylaxis Angles. Funded by Teledyne Getz. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • 1990 Clinical Study to Compare the Antiplaque Effectiveness, the Antigingivitis Effectiveness and the Gingival Abrasiveness of the Oral B #P-35, Colgate-Plus, and Blend-A-Dent Hygienic Toothbrushes After Six Months of Normal Usage. Funded by Oral B Laboratories. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • December, 1990 Dentsply/Equipment Division. The Management of Aerosols with Airpolishing Delivery Systems, An Audiovisual Program Grant. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • 1991 Effect of Frequent Daily use of Omnident Spray in Reducing Dental Plaque Accumulation: A Double Blind, Parallel Treatment Design, Funded by White Hill Oral Technologies and Dunhall Pharmaceuticals. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • 1991 Clinical Study to Compare the Antiplaque Effectiveness, Antigingivitis Effectiveness and Gingival Abrasiveness of Four Experimental Toothbrushes after three months of normal use, Funded by Oral B Laboratories. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • 1991 Comparison of the Antiplaque and Antigingivitis Effectiveness of the Braun Electric Toothbrush and a Manual Toothbrush After Three Months of Normal Usage, Funded by Braun. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • May, 1991 Audio-visual Program Grant, The Use of a Prophylaxis Angle and Rubber Cup in Dental Hygiene Treatment Procedures. Funded by Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • May, 1991 Clinical Study to Compare the Antiplaque Effectiveness/Antigingivitis Effectiveness and Gingival Abrasiveness of Four Experimental Toothbrushes After Three Months of Normal Use (III). Funded Oral B. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • April, 1992 Effectiveness of Traditional Steam Sterilization in Killing Spores Bacillus Stearothermophilus Inoculated Within Dental Prophylaxis Angles. Funded by: Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • May, 1992 Effectiveness of Sealed Dental Prophylaxis Angles Inoculated With Bacillus Stearothermophilus in Preventing Leakage of Bioburden. Funded by: Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • January, 1993 Effect of Frequent Daily Use of Microdent-Containing, Sorbitol-Based ("Sugar-Free"), "Breathmints" In Reducing Dental Plaque Accumulation. Funded by: Whitehall Pharmaceuticals. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • February, 1993 One-Time Use Cross-Over Clinical Study to Compare the Cleaning or Plaque Removal Effectiveness of Two Commercial Toothbrushes. Funded by: Oral B Laboratories. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • March, 1993 Pilot Study of Microdent Containing Chewing Gum on Dental Plaque Accumulation: A Double Blind, Parallel Treatment Design. Funded by: Whitehall Pharmaceuticals. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • April, 1993 A Comparative Evaluation of Three Marketed Toothbrushes In Controlling Plaque Accumulation and Gingivitis Severity Following Twelve Weeks Usage. Funded by: Proctor & Gamble. Principal Investigator: Dr. Lewis Menaker
  • April, 1993 An In-Vitro Evaluation of the Effects of Selected Prophylaxis Abrasive Agents On Titanium Dental Implant Abutments. Funded by: Young Dental Mfg. Co. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • February, 1994 Passive Immunization Against Streptococcus mutans Mediated Dental Plaque Formation in Humans. Funded by: Dominic J. Biondi Associates, Inc. and Church and Dwight Co., Inc. Principal Investigator: Dr. Suzanne M. Michalek
  • March, 1994 A Clinical Comparison of the Efficacy of an Electromechanical Flossing Device or Manual Flossing in Affecting Interproximal Gingival Bleeding and Plaque Accumulation Funded by: Skyvision, Inc. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • October, 1994 A Comparison of the SenSonic Plaque Removal InstrumentTM and A Manual Toothbrush in Affecting Gingivitis and Plaque Accumulation. Funded by: Teledyne Water Pik. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • November, 1994 An Evaluation of the DenscoTM Disposable Prophylaxis Angle. Funded by: Teledyne Water Pik. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • October, 1996 The Immunogenicity and Safety of Liposome Preparation Containing 250 ug S. mutans GTF (batch {11/92}, Group A Compared to GTF Alone Control (Group B) When Given Intranasally to Humans. Funded by: National Institute of Health. Principal Investigator: Noel Childers
  • January, 1997 An Evaluation of IPE Mouth rinse to Affect Plaque Prevention and Plaque Reduction. Funded by: Teledyne Water Pik. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • February, 1998 A Comparison of the Efficacy of a Rowenta Powered Toothbrush (MH 700) and the Oral B Braun Powered Toothbrush in Affecting Plaque Accumulation and Gingival Bleeding. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • February, 1998 A Clinical Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Plastic Prophylaxis Polishing Cup Compared to a Conventional Natural Latex Prophylaxis Polishing Cup. Funded by: Teledyne Water Pik. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • March, 1998 A Comparison of the Efficacy of a Rowenta High Speed Powered Toothbrush, the Rowenta MH 700 Powered Toothbrush and a Manual Toothbrush in Affecting Plaque Accumulation and Gingivitis. Funded by: Rowenta. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • September, 1998 A Comparison of the Safety and Efficacy of the Rowenta MH900 Powered toothbrush and a Manual toothbrush in Affecting Plaque Accumulation and Gingivitis. Funded by: Rowenta. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • November, 1998 Long Term Open Label Multicenter Phase 3 Trial of the Safety and Efficacy of Minocycline Periodontal Therapeutic System: Adjunctive Use in Patients with Adult Periodontitis (OPI-104). Funded by: OraPharma, Inc. Principal Investigator: R.R. Reinhardt
  • October, 1999 A Study to Assess the Safety of Two Denture Adhesive Creams. Funded by: Procter & Gamble Co. Principal Investigators: C. M. Barnes, Dr. Randall Toothaker
  • January, 2000 A Randomized, Investigator-Masked, Multicenter Study To Compare The Safety And Efficacy Of Nystatin Oral Suspension And Nystatin Frozen Oral Suspension ("Popsicle") In The Treatment Of Patients With Oral Candidiasis. Funded by: Pan American Laboratories, Bradstreet Clinical Research Associates. Co-Principal Investigators: C.M Barnes, Dr. Gordon Mahanna
  • May 2001 A Phase III, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study To Assess The Efficacy And Safety Of Cevemeline In The Treatment Of Xerostomia Secondary To Radiation Therapy For Cancer In The Head And Neck Region. Funded by: Daiichi Pharmaceutical Corporation. Co-Principal Investigators: C.M Barnes, Dr. Gordon Mahanna
  • July 2001 An Examination of the Effect of the Sonicare Powered Toothbrush on Salivary Flow on Patients With Xerostomia Secondary to Head and Neck Radiation Therapy: Case Reports for A Pilot Program. Funded by: Phillips Oral Healthcare. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • March 2001 A Comparison of a Waterpik Double-Motor Powered Toothbrush and a Manual Toothbrush in Affecting Interproximal Bleeding Reduction and Plaque Accumulation. Funded by: Waterpik Technologies. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • March 2001 The Effects of Aluminum Trihydroxide Airpolishing Power on Dental Restorative Materials and Enamel. Funded by: Dentsply International. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • September 200 Nebraska Health Fund Establish a BS Degree Program by Distance Education. $210,000 Co-Investigator
  • October 2003 An In Vitro Evaluation of the Efficacy of Various Oral Prophylaxis Polishing Rubber Cups: A Pilot Funded by: Young Dental Mfg. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • March 2004 The Effects of Aluminum Trihydroxide Airpolishing Power on Dental Implant Surfaces. Funded by: Dentsply International. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • October 2004 Efficacy of Oral Hygiene Regimens: Effect on Plaque Gingivitis, Bleeding, and Subgingival Microbial Parameters. Funded by : Waterpik Technologies, Inc. Principal Investigator: C. M. Barnes
  • March 2005 The Effects of NUCare Root Conditioner On Gingival Healing: A Pilot Study. Funded by: Sunstar Butler, Inc. Principal Investigator: C.M. Barnes
  • July 2006 Determination of Relation Between Actual Contact Force at Hand/Glove Interface and the Grasp Force For a Set of Standardized Pinch and Pencil Hold Tasks, NIH (submitted) Co-Investigator
  • April 2006 A Prospective, Randomized, Double Blind, Stratified, Placebo-Controlled, Multi-Center, 3-Arm Trial Of The Continued Efficacy And Safety Of Zometa (Every 4 Weeks Vs. Every 12 Weeks Vs. Placebo) In Patients With Documented Bone Metastases From Breast Cancer. Nebraska Hematology Oncology Group, Service to Grant
  • March 2007A Qualitative Evaluation of the Abrasiveness of Selected Prophylaxis Pastes When Used on Enamel, A Hybrid Composite and Porcelain Using a Non Contact Profilometer and Glossmeter. Funded by: Sunstar Americas Inc

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