Ear, Nose, Throat Clinic

What is an Ear, Nose, and Throat Specialist?

An ear, nose and throat specialist (ENT) is a physician trained in the medical and surgical treatment of the ears, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.  They have special expertise in managing diseases of the ears, nose and nasal passage, sinuses, larynx (voice box), oral cavity and upper pharynx (mouth and throat), as well as structures of the neck and face.  ENT is the oldest medical specialty in the United States.


An ENT specialist is ready to start practicing after up to 15 years of college and post-graduate training.  To qualify for certification from the America Board of Otolaryngology, an applicant must first complete college, medical school (usually four years), and at least five years of specialty training.  Next, the physician must pass the American Board of Otolaryngology examination to be certified.  Some ENT specialists pursue a one-or two-year fellowship for more extensive training in one of the seven subspecialty areas.  These include pediatric otolaryngology (children), otology/neurotology (ears and balance), allergy, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, head and neck surgery, laryngology (throat) and rhinology (nose).  Some ENT specialists limit their practices to one of these seven areas.

Seven Areas of Expertise

  • Otolology/Neurotology
    Medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the ear, including traumatic and cancerous disorders of the external, middle and inner ear, as well as the nerve pathways which affect hearing and balance.
  • Pediatric Otolaryngology
    Medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the ears, nose and throat in children
  • Head and Neck Area
    Medical and surgical treatment of cancerous (and noncancerous) tumors in the head and neck, including thyroid and parathyroid surgery.
  • Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
    Treatment of cosmetic, functional, and reconstructive abnormalities of the face and neck
  • Rhinology
    Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the nose and sinuses.
  • Laryngology
    Medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the throat, including the voice.
  • Allergy
    Medical treatment of inhalant allergies affecting the upper respiratory system

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