Orthopaedic surgeons receive special training in hand surgery to treat conditions affecting the hand and wrist. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis can often be relieved by advanced reconstructive surgeries including hand and wrist fusions or joint replacement procedures for the wrist, thumb, and fingers.
Advanced methods of nerve decompression surgery are also performed with several techniques of open and arthroscopic carpal tunnel decompression. Hand surgeons also specialize in treating and repairing congenital hand deformities and brachial plexus injuries. Physicians treat patients in consultation with pediatricians, neurologists, and occupational therapists.