Pharmacology is the study of the interactions of natural and synthetic chemicals with biological systems, from molecular and subcellular processes to systemic interactions in normal or abnormal (disease) physiology. Pharmacology is, by its very nature, translational, linking basic chemical and biologic knowledge to understanding and treating disease. The principles of systems biology and chemical biology are part and parcel of pharmacology.
Pharmacology research includes studies ranging from gene regulation and the molecular and cellular biology of cellular communication to human toxicology and clinical evaluation of novel therapies. Training in pharmacology prepares students for research and/or teaching careers in the discipline of pharmacology and also various other basic sciences such as physiology, cell biology, molecular biology, genetics, neuroscience and others.