1914 Facts

World Events

  • World War I begins: Austria declares war on Serbia; Germany on Russia and France; Britain on Germany.
  • Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and wife Sophie assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip.
  • Panama Canal is officially opened after 10 years of construction.

U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Woodrow Wilson
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall
Population: 99,111,000


Federal spending:   $0.73 billion
Consumer Price Index:   10
Unemployment:   7.9%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.02


World Series 
Boston Braves d. Philadelphia A's (4-0)

Stanley Cup
Toronto Blueshirts (NHA )

Women: Dorothea Chambers d. E. Larcombe (7-5 6-4)
Men: Norman Brookes d. T. Wilding (6-4 6-4 7-5) 

Kentucky Derby Champion
Old Rosebud 

NCAA Football Champions
Army (9-0-0)


  • In his second big-screen appearance, Charlie Chaplin plays the Little Tramp, his most famous character.
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs' Tarzan of the Apes published.
  • Winsor McCay unleashes Gertie the Dinosaur, the first animated cartoon.


  • Nobel Prizes in Science
    • Chemistry: Theodore W. Richards (US), for determining atomic weight of many chemical elements
    • Physics:Max von Laue (Germany), for discovery of diffraction of Roentgen rays passing through crystals
    • Physiology or Medicine: Robert Bárány (Austria), for work on physiology and pathology of the vestibular system
  • George Washington Carver begins experimenting with peanuts as a new cash crop for Southern farmers.
  • The last known passenger pigeon dies in the Cincinnati Zoo.