Chest Physiotherapy
  • Lung expansion maneuvers are the mainstay of postoperative pulmonary prevention. Deep breathing exercises and incentive spirometry reduce the relative risk of pulmonary complications by 50%.
  • Preoperative education in lung expansion maneuvers reduces pulmonary complications to greater degree than post surgery instruction.
  • Both intermittent and continuous positive pressure treatments are effective to reduce pulmonary complications but are more costly and bring risk of complications. These techniques should be reserved for patients unable to perform deep breathing exercises or IR.