|High > 5%t||Intermediate 1-5%t||Low < 1%*|
|Aortic and other major vascular surgery||Carotid Endarterectomy||Ambulatory surgery|
|Peripheral artery srugery||Head and neck surgery||Endoscopic procedures|
|Intraperitoneal and intrathoracic surgery||Superficial procedures|
|Orthopedic surgery||Cataract surgery|
|Prostate surgery||Breast surgery|
|t Percentage risk of MACE||*Do not generally require further preoperative cardiac testing.|
NOTE: Other cardiovascular risk factors that were previously considered "low risk" have not proven to increase perioperative risk at all.
- Age > 70y/oAbnormal ECG (LVH, LBBB, ST-T wave changes)
- Uncontrolled hypertension.
Therefore, these have been dropped from consideration in the preoperative evaluation entirely.