Risk Factor Assessment and Modification

Risk Factors

General Factors Post-Op or Hospitalization Factors
Dementia #1 risk factor fracture major joints
severe illness second operation
hearing loss respiratory complication
vision impairment decreased cardiac output
dehydration malnutrition
depression physical restraints
infections bladder cath/NG tubes
Metabolic derangements: electrolytes, glucose, hypoxemia iatrogenic event
hypothermia intrathoracic surgery
age > 80 y.o. hematocrit <30%
impaired ADL's abnormal serum chemistries
liver disease and dysfunction
drugs (see medication evaluation and reduction)
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)