Mobile App Integration

Integrated Care is a unique systematic approach that enables access to mental health care to be improved through a team-based approach consisting of primary care providers, behavioral health providers, psychiatric consultants, and the patient. However, despite how effective these systems can be, there are still challenges for meeting the needs of the underserved patients encountered in the primary care environment. To meet these needs, we have been exploring the feasibility of using mobile apps among the underserved. Notably, we have looked at provider perspectives, patient perspectives, workflows, and necessary training related to mobile app use, along with developing foundational knowledge needed to use apps for conditions commonly encountered in primary care settings, including perinatal depression, anxiety, and trauma.


Proposed Framework for incorporating Mobile Apps into Integrated Care Environments:





Selected Citations

Emerson, M.R., Watanabe-Galloway, S., Dinkel, D., Kotcherlakota, S., & Fok, L. (2020). Lessons Learned in Selection and Review of Depression Apps for Primary Care Settings. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science +

Emerson, MR. Caspari-Harsh, J. Notice, M., Dinkel, D., & Kabayundo, J. (2021). Mental Health Mobile App Use: Considerations for Serving Underserved Patients in Integrated Primary Care Settings. General Hospital Psychiatry. 67-75. +

Dinkel, D.M., Caspari, J.H., Fok, L., Notice, M., Johnson, D.J., Watanabe-Galloway, S., & Emerson, M.R. (2021). A Qualitative Exploration of the Feasibility of Integrating Mental Health Apps into Integrated Primary Care Clinics. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 11(9), 1708-1716.+

Emerson, MR., Perret, S., Chinn, H., Alon, N., Watanabe-Galloway, S., Johnson, D., Dinkel, D., Torous, J. (2003). A systematic review and exploration of smartphone app interventions for perinatal depression with case study. Springer Current Treatment Option in Psychiatry. 10(5) doi: 10. 10.1007/s40501-023-00301-w

King, D., Emerson, MR., Tartaglia, J., Nanda, G., and Tatro, N. (2023). Methods for Navigating the Mobile Mental Health App Landscape for Clinical Use. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry. Published online 5.24.23. DOI: 10.1007/s40501-023-00288-4