WASH Research in India
Impact of sanitation access and menstrual hygiene management on psychosocial stress, behavior, and health among girls and women in Odisha, India:
The United Nation’s World Water Development Report indicates “access to safe water and adequate sanitation services has proved to be one of the most efficient ways of improving human health”. This research study led by Dr. Bijaya Padhi aims to examine how poor water,
sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)conditions impact sanitation and hygiene practices among Indian girls and women (14-45 yrs) during various their life-course. It also explores behavioral and societal conditions that could influence mental, physical, and reproductive health. To address the temporal and contextual complexities between WASH conditions and women’s health, three sub-studies have been designed within a broader conceptual framework. A population census is documenting baseline conditions, behaviors, reported stress and urogenital symptoms, and related health-care utilization.
CGHAD faculty and students work closely with Indian collaborators at AIPH, India, and several other U.S. and U.K.-based faculty at Emory, Oklahoma University, and London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Microbial Source Tracking and WASH practice in India:
Dr. Pinaki Panigrahi and collaborators at U.C. Davis have recently completed a project in eastern rural India identifying the source of fecal contamination, where outdoor defecation by humans and animals is common practice. These studies were supported by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine with funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
WASH initiative in Haiti:
Capitalizing on past and ongoing work with non-profit and faith-based organizations (MidwivesforHaiti.org, Flower of Hope School, University Partners for Haiti), Dr. Martha H. Goedert at CGHAD in collaboration with Durham School of Architectural Engineering and Construction at UNL is spearheading a project that started with a WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) platform. Now, the interdisciplinary partnership of expert academicians and researchers is helping in the design and stakeholder manpower to addressing Haitian community-led projects on health promotion, disease prevention, water/education, and food security initiatives.