Research

The University of Nebraska Medical Center places a strong emphasis on research. Research across the campus is conducted in all avenues ranging from basic science, translational, clinical outcomes, educational, global health and public health.  There are several NIH funded research laboratories. The University is also the recipient of a National Cancer Institute % 5.3 million dollar grant for the five-year Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in pancreatic cancer. UNMC was one of the only two programs in the US to receive this funding in 2008. The recent announcement of the Fred and Pamela Buffett cancer center is bound to increase the number of research opportunities. The opening of the College of Public Health has also enhanced the number of collaborative research activities.

In line with the University, the Department of Surgery also places a strong emphasis on research. In addition to satisfying the mandatory ACGME requirement, additional research opportunities are also available with several faculty mentors.  There are several NIH funded faculty members in the Department of Surgery with grants amount equivalent to $ 5.9 million for the year 2012-2013. In keeping with the increasing importance, opportunities for outcomes- based research are abundant. Residents that are interested are encouraged to submit abstracts to national meetings and publish manuscripts.  Research travel to present at meetings is appropriately supported.

RESIDENT PUBLICATIONS:

Resident / Type

Citation/Listing

Melissa (Ruhlman) Suh

Publication

Watanabe MA, Kucenas S, Bowman TA, Ruhlman M, Knuepfer MM. Angiotensin II and CRF receptors in the central nucleus of the amygdala mediate hemodynamic response variability to cocaine in conscious rats. Brain Res, 1309:53-65, 2010. [PMID: 19879859]

Abstract

Boyce M1, Lickerman S3Ruhlman MK1, Martin K1, Ward K1, Pickett S1, Jung M2, Nejedly N2, Zeng W2, Fosko SW1, Jensen S1, Johnson FE1, SPOTS working group3.  Saint Louis University1, Saint Louis, MO; Washington University2, Saint Louis, MO; Melanoma Hope Network3, Saint Louis, MO.  Sun Protection Outreach Teaching by Students (SPOTS): Skin Cancer Education in the Adolescent Population.  Ann Surg Oncol 17 (Suppl. 1):116, 2010.

Abstract

Ruhlman MK, Watanabe MA, Kucenas S, Bowman TA, Knuepfer MM.  Role of the central nucleus of the amygdale in hemodynamic responses to cocaine in conscious rats.  Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.  FASEB J 23: 589.8, 2009.

Poster Presentation

Ruhlman M, Boyce M. Sun Protection Outreach Teaching by Students (SPOTS): Skin Cancer Education in the Adolescent Population. Society of Surgical Oncology Conference, Saint Louis, MO. March 2010.

Poster Presentation

Ruhlman M, Boyce M. Sun Protection Outreach Teaching by Students (SPOTS): The Impact of Skin Cancer Education in Teens.  International Cancer Education Conference, Houston, TX.  October 2009.

Oral Presentation

 Ruhlman M, Boyce M, Martin K. Sun Protection Outreach Teaching by Students (SPOTS).  Department of Surgery Grand Rounds, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO.  October 2009.

Publication

Batra R1, Suh MK1, Carson JS1, Dale MA1, Meisinger TM1, Fitzgerald M1, Opperman PJ1, Luo J1, Pipinos II1, Xiong W1, Baxter BT2. IL-1β (Interleukin-1β) and TNF-α (Tumor Necrosis Factor-α) Impact Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Formation by Differential Effects on Macrophage Polarization. 2018 Feb;38(2):457-463. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.310333. Epub 2017 Dec 7.

 Publication

Sun K1, Batra R2, Markin NW3, Suh M2, Pipinos II2, Roberts EK3, Mactaggart JN2, Baxter BT2. Transesophageal Echocardiogram-Guided Stent Placement in Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Secondary to Granulomatous Lung Disease: A Case Series and Literature Review. 2017 Nov;51(8):562-566. doi: 10.1177/1538574417723157. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

   
 Bria Meyer
 

 Publication

 Meyer B1, Are C1. Current Status and Future Directions in Colorectal Cancer. 2017 Dec;8(4):455-456. doi: 10.1007/s13193-017-0717-3. Epub 2017 Nov 10.

Publication

Are C1, Meyer B1, Stack A2, Ahmad H3, Smith L4, Qian B5, Song T6, Chowdhury S7. Global trends in the burden of liver cancer. 2017 Apr;115(5):591-602. doi: 10.1002/jso.24518. Epub 2017 Mar 26.

   
Benjamin Grams  
Publication Grams BM1, Schenarts PJ2. A Resident's operative role: Perception Is not reality. Am J Surg. 2017 Apr;213(4):827-828. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2016.12.009. Epub 2016 Dec 31. [PMID: 28143665]
Publication Douaiher J1, Ravipati A2, Grams B1, Chowdhury S3, Alatise O4, Are C1. Colorectal cancer-global burden, trends, and geographical variations. J Surg Oncol. 2017 Apr;115(5):619-630. doi: 10.1002/jso.24578. Epub 2017 Feb 13. [PMID: 28194798]
   
Asish Patel  
Publication Kaur S1, Smith LM2, Patel A1, Menning M1, Watley DC1, Malik SS1, Krishn SR1, Mallya K1, Aithal A1, Sasson AR3, Johansson SL4, Jain M1, Singh S3, Guha S5, Are C3, Raimondo M6, Hollingsworth MA7, Brand RE8, Batra SK1,9. A Combination of MUC5AC and CA19-9 Improves the Diagnosis of Pancreatic Cancer: A Multicenter Study.  Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jan;112(1):172-183. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2016.482. Epub 2016 Nov 15. [PMID: 27845339]
   
Tyler Burnett  
Poster  Hall BR, Armijo P, Burnett T, Oleynikov D. Emergent Cholecystectomy is superior to percutaneous cholecystostomy tube placement in severely ill patient with emergent calculous cholecystitis. Southwestern Surgical Congress annual meeting – 2017
   
Gautam Malhotra  
Publication Malhotra Gk, Yanala U, Ravipati A, Follet M, Vijayakumar M, Are C Global trends in esophageal cancer.  J Surg Oncol. 2017 Apr;115(5):564-579. doi: 10.1002/jso.24592. Epub 2017 Mar 20. [PMID:28320055]
 Publication

Dhir M1, Malhotra GK2, Sohal DPS3, Hein NA4, Smith LM4, O'Reilly EM5, Bahary N6, Are C7,8. Neoadjuvant treatment of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 5520 patients. 2017 Oct 10;15(1):183. doi: 10.1186/s12957-017-1240-2.

Publication

Are C1, Yanala U2, Malhotra G2, Hall B2, Smith L3, Wyld L4, Cummings C5, Lecoq C6, Audisio RA7, Berman RS8. Global Curriculum in Research Literacy for the Surgical Oncologist. 2018 Mar;25(3):604-616. doi: 10.1245/s10434-017-6277-5. Epub 2017 Dec 11. [PMID: 29230575]

Publication

Are C1, Yanala U2, Malhotra G2, Hall B2, Smith L3, Cummings C4, Lecoq C5, Wyld L6, Audisio RA7, Berman RS8. Global curriculum in research literacy for the surgical oncologist. 2018 Jan;44(1):31-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2017.07.017. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

   
William Poulson  
Publication Kamenskiy A1, Seas A2, Deegan P3, Poulson W3, Anttila E4, Sim S3, Desyatova A3, MacTaggart J5. Constitutive description of human femoropopliteal artery aging. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2017 Apr;16(2):681-692. doi: 10.1007/s10237-016-0845-7. Epub 2016 Oct 22. [PMID: 27771811]
Publication Desyatova A1, MacTaggart J2, Poulson W2, Deegan P2, Lomneth C3, Sandip A2, Kamenskiy A4. The choice of a constitutive formulation for modeling limb flexion-induced deformations and stresses in the human femoropopliteal arteries of different ages. Biomech Model Mechanobiol. 2017 Jun;16(3):775-785. doi: 10.1007/s10237-016-0852-8. Epub 2016 Nov 21. [PMID: 27868162]
Publication Desyatova A1, Poulson W1, Deegan P1, Lomneth C2, Seas A3, Maleckis K1, MacTaggart J4, Kamenskiy A5. Limb flexion-induced twist and associated intramural stresses in the human femoropopliteal artery. J R Soc Interface. 2017 Mar;14(128). pii: 20170025. doi: 10.1098/rsif.2017.0025.
 Publication Kamenskiy A, Seas A, Bowen G, Deegan P, Desyatova A, Bohlim N, Poulson W, MacTaggart J. In situ longitudinal pre-stretch in the human femoropopliteal artery. Acta Biomaterialia. 2016 January 5; 32: 231-237doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.01.002.
Publication MacTaggart J., Poulson W., Akhter M., Seas A., Thorson K., Phillips N., Desyatova A., Kamenskiy A. Morphometric Roadmaps to Improve Accurate Device Delivery for Fluoroscopy-Free Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta. Journal of Trauma Acute Care Surgery; 2016 March 23. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001043
Publication Poulson W., Desyatova A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. Limb Flexion-Induced Axial Compression and Bending in the Human Femoropopliteal Artery Segments. Journal of Vascular Surgery; 2017 May 16. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.01.071
Publication Maleckis K., Deegan P., Poulson W., Sievers C., Desyatova A., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. Comparison of the Femoropopliteal Artery Stents under Axial Tension, Compression, Bending and Torsion Deformations. Journal of Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials; 2017 July 13. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.07.017
Publication Desyatova A., MacTaggart J., Romarowski R., Poulson W.,  Conti M., Kamenskiy A. Effects of Aging on Mechanical Stresses, Deformations and Hemodynamics in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries Due to Limb-Flexion. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology;2017 August 16. doi 10.1007/s10237-017-0953-z
Publication Kamenskiy A., Poulson W., Sim S., Reilly A., Luo J., MacTaggart J. Prevalence of Calcification in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries and Its Associations with Demographics, Risk Factors and Arterial Stiffness Atherosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; 2018 January 25. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.310490
Publication Maleckis K., Antilla E., Aylward P., Poulson W., Desyatova A., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. Nitinol Stents in the Femoropopliteal Artery: A Mechanical Perspective on Material, Design and Performance. Annals of Biomedical Engineering; 2018 February 22. doi: 10.1007/s10439-018-1990-1. [Epub ahead of print]
Publication Poulson W., MacTaggart J., Seas A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., Desyatova A., Maleckis K., Kamenskiy A. Stent Design Affects Femoropopliteal Artery Deformation. Annals of Surgery; 2018 March 28. doi 10.1097/SLA.0000000000002747. [Epub ahead of print]
Publication Desyatov A., Poulson W., MacTaggart J., Maleckis K., Kamenskiy A. Cross-Sectional Pinching in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries due to Limb Flexion, and Stent Design Optimization for Maximum Cross-Sectional opening and Minimum Intramural Stresses. The Journal of the Royal Society Inerface; 2018 August 22. 2018; 15(145): 1
Publication Kamenskiy A., Poulson W., Forney E., Adamson A., MacTaggart J. Geometric Features of the Carotid Artery at Baseline Improve Prediction of Stenosis Severity at Follow-up Submitted  
Abstract MacTaggart J., Poulson W., Akhter M., Seas A., Thorson K., Phillips N., Desyatova A., Kamenskiy A. Morphometric Roadmaps to Improve device delivery for fluoroscopy-free Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta. Oral Presentation 11th Annual Academic Surgical Congress February 2nd 2016
Abstract Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J. Effects of Tethering Branches on Limb Flexion-Induced Deformations of the Human Femoropopliteal Artery. Poster Presentation, AHA/Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Nashville, TN. May 2016
Abstract Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J. The Popliteal Artery Demonstrates Significantly Higher Torsion than the Superficial Femoral Artery During Limb Flexion Poster Presentation, 102nd Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
Abstract Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Sim S., Deegan P,, MacTaggart J. The Popliteal Artery Demonstrates More Elastin Breaks than the Superficial Femoral Artery. Oral Presentation, 102nd Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
Abstract Poulson W., MacTaggart J., Deegan P., Lomneth C., Desyatova A., Kamenskiy A. Stenting Exacerbates Limb-Flexion Bending, and Torison of the Human Femoropopliteal Artery. Annual Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Meeting, Minneapolis, MN October 5th-8th 2016
Abstract Kamenskiy A., Seas A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Sim S., Desyatova A., MacTaggart J. Constitutive Description of Human Femoropopliteal Artery Ageing. Oral Presentation 15th Biennial Meeting International Society for Applied Cardiovascular Biology (ISACB); Banff, Canada. September 7th-10th 2016
Abstract Desyatova A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. The Effect of Limb Flexion on Torsional Deformations and Stresses in the Human Femoropopliteal Artery. Annual Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Meeting, Minneapolis, MN October 5th-8th 2016
Abstract Reilly A., Poulson W., Sim S., Deegan P., Kamenskiy A., MacTaggart J. Femoropopliteal Artery Calcification is associated with Ageing, Diabetes, Elastin Fiber Degradation and Anisotropic Stiffening. Poster Presentation 15th Biennial Meeting International Society for Applied Cardiovascular Biology (ISACB); Banff, Canada. September 7th-10th 2016
Abstract Desyatova A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Sim S., Kamenskiy A., MacTaggart J. Effects of Ageing on Arterial Stresses Due to Limb Flexion. Poster Presentaiton 15th Biennial Meeting International Society for Applied Cardiovascular Biology (ISACB); Banff, Canada. September 7th-10th 2016
Abstract Desyatova A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Lomneth C., Seas A., Maleckis K., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. Limb Flexion-Induced Twist and Associated Intramural Stresses in the Human Femoropopliteal Artery. Oral Presentation 5th International Conference on Computational and Mathematical Biomedical Engineering; University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburg, PA. April 10th-12th 2017
Abstract Sim S., Deegan P., Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., MacTaggart J. Establishing a Biodynamic System for Material/Device Evaluation and Assessment of Ex Vivo Arterial Function. Poster Presentation Regenerative Medicine Symposium, Eugene T. Mahoney State Park, NE. April 21st 2017
Abstract Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Rogers A., Batra R., Deegan P., MacTaggart J. Intramural Structural Changes in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries With Age. Poster Presentation AHA/Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Minneapolis, MN. May 2017
Abstract Maleckis K., Deegan P., Poulson W., Sievers C., Desyatova A., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. Mechanical Evaluation of the Femoropopliteal Artery Stents. Poster Presentation Annual Biomedical Engineering Society/FDA Frontiers in Medicine (BMES) Meeting, Washington DC May
Abstract Poulson W., Kamenksiy A., Desyatova A., Seas A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J., Effects Different Stent Designs on Limb-Flexion Induced Axial Compression, Bending and Torsion in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries. Oral Presentation SVS Vascular Annual Meeting, San Diego, California. June 2017
Abstract Poulson W., Forney E., Adamson A., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A., Geometric Features of the Carotid Artery at Baseline Improve Prediction of Stenosis Severity at Follow-up. 41st. Poster Presentation Midwest Vascular Surgical Society Meeting, Chicago, Illinois September 2017
Abstract Desyatova A., MacTaggart J., Romarowski R., Poulson W., Conti M., Kamenskiy A. Effect of Aging on Mechanical Stresses, Deformations, and Hemodynamics in Human Femoropopliteal Artery Due to Limb Flexion. 7th International Conference on Mechanics of Biomaterials and Tissues. Waikoloa, HI. Dec 10-14, 2017 
Oral Presentation MacTaggart J., Poulson W., Akhter M., Seas A., Thorson K., Phillips N., Desyatova A., Kamenskiy A. “Morphometric Roadmaps to Improve device delivery for fluoroscopy-free Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta” 11th Annual Academic Surgical Congress; Jacksonville, FL. February 2nd 2016
Oral Presentation Poulson W. “Mechanics and Histopathology of the Human Femoropopliteal Artery” UNMC Department of Surgery Grand Rounds, June 22nd 2016
Oral Presentation Desyatova A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Sim S., Kamenskiy A., MacTaggart J. “Effects of Ageing on Arterial Stresses Due to Limb Flexion” 15th Biennial Meeting International Society for Applied Cardiovascular Biology (ISACB); Banff, Canada. September 7th-10th 2016
Oral Presentation Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Sim S., Deegan P,, MacTaggart J. The Popliteal Artery Demonstrates More Elastin Breaks than the Superficial Femoral Artery. 102nd Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons Scientific Forum; Washington, DC. October 16th-20th 2016
Oral Presentation Poulson W., Kamenksiy A., Desyatova A., Seas A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J., Effects Different Stent Designs on Limb-Flexion Induced Axial Compression, Bending and Torsion in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries. SVS Vascular Annual Meeting, San Diego, California. June 2017
Oral Presentation Poulson W. Effects Different Stent Designs on Limb-Flexion Induced Axial Compression, Bending and Torsion in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries. UNMC Department of Surgery Grand Rounds, June 2017 
Poster Bonds M, Sands J, Poulson W, Harvey C, Von Ohlen T. Genetic screen for regulators of ind expression identifies shrew as encoding a novel twisted gastrulation-like protein involved in Dpp signaling. Kansas State University Division of Biology 9th Annual Undergraduate Research Forum; Manhattan, KS April, 2008
Poster Von Ohlen T, Moses C, Poulson W. Ind represses msh expression in the intermediate column of the Drosophila neuroectoderm, through direct interaction with upstream regulatory DNA. Kansas State University Division of Biology 10th Annual Undergraduate Research Forum; Manhattan, KS April, 2009
Poster Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J. Effects of Tethering Branches on Limb Flexion-Induced Deformations of the Human Femoropopliteal Artery. Poster Presentation; AHA/Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology; Nashville, TN. May 5-7th, 2016
Poster Poulson W., Hernandez H. Summation of Vascular Surgery Research at UNMC & VA Nebraska-Western Iowa Health Care System. Poster Presentation, UNMC Research Symposium; May 20th 2016
Poster  Kamenskiy A., Seas A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Sim S., Desyatova A., MacTaggart J. Constitutive Description of Human Femoropopliteal Artery Ageing. 15th Biennial Meeting International Society for Applied Cardiovascular Biology (ISACB); Banff, Canada. September 7th-10th 2016
Poster Reilly A., Poulson W., Sim S., Deegan P., Kamenskiy A., MacTaggart J. Femoropopliteal Artery Calcification is associated with Ageing, Diabetes, Elastin Fiber Degradation and Anisotropic Stiffening. 15th Biennial Meeting International Society for Applied Cardiovascular Biology (ISACB); Banff, Canada. September 7th-10th 2016
Poster Desyatova A., Poulson W., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. The Effect of Limb Flexion on Torsional Deformations and Stresses in the Human Femoropopliteal Artery. Annual Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Meeting, Minneapolis, Minnesota, October 5th-8th 2016 
Poster Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Deegan P., Lomneth C., MacTaggart J. The Popliteal Artery Demonstrates Significantly Higher Torsion than the Superficial Femoral Artery During Limb Flexion. 102nd Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons; Washington, DC. October 16th-20th 2016
Poster  Sim S., Deegan P., Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., MacTaggart J. Establishing a Biodynamic System for Material/Device Evaluation and Assessment of Ex Vivo Arterial Function. Regenerative Medicine Symposium, Eugene T. Mahoney State Park, NE. April 21st 2017
Poster Poulson W., Kamenskiy A., Rogers A., Batra R., Deegan P., MacTaggart J. Intramural Structural Changes in Human Femoropopliteal Arteries With Age. AHA/Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, Minneapolis, MN. May 2017
Poster Maleckis K., Deegan P., Poulson W., Sievers C., Desyatova A., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A. Mechanical Evaluation of the Femoropopliteal Artery Stents. Annual Biomedical Engineering Society/FDA Frontiers in Medicine (BMES) Meeting, Washington DC May 2017
Poster Poulson W., Forney E., Adamson A., MacTaggart J., Kamenskiy A., Geometric Features of the Carotid Artery at Baseline Improve Prediction of Stenosis Severity at Follow-up. 41st Midwest Vascular Surgical Society Meeting, Chicago, Illinois September 2017
   
 Hernan Hernandez
 
 Abstract  Fugelstad MA, Hernandez H, Ybay H, Schieber M, Brunette K, Gao Y, Hassan M, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Characterization of Peripheral Artery Disease by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Accepted to Vascular Research Initiatives Conference 2018.

 Abstract

Hernandez H, Schieber M, DeSpiegelaere H, Brunette K, Kim KS, Mietus C, Baker S, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Calf Muscle Oxygen Saturation and Ground Reaction Forces During Walking in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease. Accepted to the Scientific Session at the Midwestern Vascular Surgical Society Annual Meeting 2017.

 Abstract Schieber M, Myers S, Johanning JJ, Senderling B, Baker S, Hernandez H, Pipinos I. Gait is Improved, But Not Restored in Peripheral Artery Disease Following Revascularization. Accepted to the Scientific Session at the Midwestern Vascular Surgical Society Annual Meeting 2017.
 Abstract Hernandez H, Schieber M, DeSpiegelaere H, Brunette K, Kim KS, Mietus C, Baker S, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Calf Muscle Oxygen Saturation during Standardized Treadmill Testing in Patients with Intermittent Claudication. Accepted to Vascular Research Initiatives Conference 2017.
 Abstract Mietus C, Karvelis P, Lackner T, Hernandez H, DeSpiegelaere H, Xie Feng, Porter T, Pipinos I, Casale G. Microvascular Response To Ramipril in Peripheral Artery Disease. Accepted to Vascular Research Initiatives Conference 2017.
 Abstract Hernandez H, Tracey E, Evans C, Bauman Z, Summers J, Shostrom V, Waibel B, Schlitzkus L. How Well Can We Rise After Falling? The Factors Involved in the Under-Triage of Falls. Accepted to the 39th Annual Advances in Trauma Meeting 2016.
 Abstract Hernandez H, Myers S, Casale G, DeSpiegelaere H, Koutakis P, Ha D, Papoutsi E, Mietus C, Kim KS, Pipinos I. Intensity and Pattern of Daily Physical Activity of Claudicating Patients. Accepted to the Scientific Session at the Midwestern Vascular Surgical Society Annual Meeting 2016.
Abstract Hernandez H, Pipinos I, Myers S, Chien J, Rutar F, Schmid K, Gordon G. Improved Physician Ergonomics and Fatigue Reduction using the Attachable Radiation Reduction Extension Support Sheath for Endovascular Procedures. Accepted to the Scientific Forum at the American College of Surgeons 2016 Clinical Congress.
Abstract Hernandez H, Pipinos I, Myers S, Chien J, Rutar F, Schmid K, Gordon G. Attachable Radiation Reduction Extension Support Sheath to Reduce Radiation Exposure for Endovascular Specialists. Accepted at Paper Session II at the Vascular and Endovascular Surgical Society 2016 Annual Meeting.
Poster Fugelstad MA, Hernandez H, Ybay H, Schieber M, Brunette K, Gao Y, Hassan M, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Characterization of Peripheral Artery Disease by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Presented at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2018 Poster Session – San Francisco, CA 5/10/2018
Poster Mietus CJ, Lackner T, Karvelis P, Lambert N, Fugelstad M, Hernandez H, DeSpiegelaere H, Pipinos I, Casale G. Microvascular Pathology in Peripheral Artery Disease. Presented at the American Physician Scientist Association National Meeting – Chicago, Il 4/20/2018 and Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2018 Poster Session – San Francisco, CA 5/9/2018 and Vascular Discovery: From Genes to Medicine Scientific Sessions – San Francisco, CA 5/10/2018
Poster Thompson CM, Schlitzkus LL, Hernandez H, Tracey E, Evans CH, Bauman ZM, Summers JI, Shostrom V, Waibel BH. How Well Can We Rise After Falling? The Factors Involved in the Undertriage of Falls. Presented at Society of Trauma Nurses Annual Meeting – Portland, OR 03/2018 and American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program – Chicago, Il 11/17.
Poster Mietus CJ, Lackaner T, Karvelis P, Lambert N, Hernandez H, Koutakis P, Papoutsi E, Casale G, Pipinos I. Microvascular Changes in Peripheral Artery Disease. Presented at Nebraska Physiological Society Annual Meeting – Omaha, NE 10/28/2017 and American Physician Scientist Association Midwestern Regional Meeting – Iowa City, IA 1/13/2018
Poster Hernandez H, Pipinos I, Myers S, Chien J, Rutar F, Schmid K, Gordon G. Improved Physician Ergonomics and Fatigue Reduction using the Attachable Radiation Reduction Extension Support Sheath for Endovascular Procedures. Accepted to the Scientific Forum at the American College of Surgeons 2016 Clinical Congress
Poster Hernandez H, Pipinos I, Myers S, Chien J, Rutar F, Schmid K, Gordon G. Attachable Radiation Reduction Extension Support Sheath to Reduce Radiation Exposure for Endovascular Specialists. Accepted at Paper Session II at the Vascular and Endovascular Surgical Society 2016 Annual Meeting.
Oral Presentation Fugelstad MA, Hernandez H, Ybay H, Schieber M, Brunette K, Gao Y, Hassan M, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Characterization of Peripheral Artery Disease by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Presented at the Vascular Research Initiatives Conference 2018 – San Francisco, CA 5/9/2018.
Oral Presentation Mietus CJ, Lackaner T, Karvelis P, Lambert N, Hernandez H, Koutakis P, Papoutsi E, Casale G, Pipinos I. Microvascular Changes in Peripheral Artery Disease. Presented at Midwest Student Biomedical Research Forum – Omaha, NE 2/17/2018.
Oral Presentation Hernandez H, Schieber M, DeSpiegelaere H, Brunette K, Kim KS, Mietus C, Baker S, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Calf Muscle Oxygen Saturation during Standardized Treadmill Testing in Patients with Intermittent Claudication. Presented at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2017 Poster Session – Minneapolis, MN 5/4/2017
Oral Presentation Mietus C, Karvelis P, Lackner T, Hernandez H, DeSpiegelaere H, Xie Feng, Porter T, Pipinos I, Casale G. Microvascular Response To Ramipril in Peripheral Artery Disease. Presented at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2017 Poster Session – Minneapolis, MN 5/4/2017.
Oral Presentation Hernandez H, Schieber M, DeSpiegelaere H, Brunette K, Kim KS, Mietus C, Baker S, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Calf Muscle Oxygen Saturation during Standardized Treadmill Testing in Patients with Intermittent Claudication. Presented at 2017 Regenerative Medicine Symposium – Omaha, NE 4/21/2017.
Oral Presentation Hernandez H, Myers S, Casale G, DeSpiegelaere H, Koutakis P, Ha D, Papoutsi E, Mietus C, Kim KS, Pipinos I. Intensity and Pattern of Daily Physical Activity of Claudicating Patients. Presented at the 2016 Nebraska Physiological Society Meeting – Omaha, NE 10/15/2016.
Oral Presentation Hernandez H, Poulson W, DeSpiegelaere H, Pipinos I, Johanning JJ, Longo GM, MacTaggart J, Baxter BT. Vascular Clinical Research: Gait, Aneurysms, Critical Limb Ischemia, Claudication and Stenting. Presented at Veterans’ Affairs Research Week Poster Session 2016 – Omaha, NE 5/19/2016.
   
Yue Gao  
Poster Fugelstad MA, Hernandez H, Ybay H, Schieber M, Brunette K, Gao Y, Hassan M, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos I. Characterization of Peripheral Artery Disease by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Presented at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2018 Poster Session – San Francisco, CA 5/10/2018
   
Rishi Batra  
 Publication  Batra R1, Suh MK1, Carson JS1, Dale MA1, Meisinger TM1, Fitzgerald M1, Opperman PJ1, Luo J1, Pipinos II1, Xiong W1, Baxter BT2. IL-1β (Interleukin-1β) and TNF-α (Tumor Necrosis Factor-α) Impact Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Formation by Differential Effects on Macrophage Polarization. 2018 Feb;38(2):457-463. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.117.310333. Epub 2017 Dec 7.
 Publication

Sun K1, Batra R2, Markin NW3, Suh M2, Pipinos II2, Roberts EK3, Mactaggart JN2, Baxter BT2. Transesophageal Echocardiogram-Guided Stent Placement in Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Secondary to Granulomatous Lung Disease: A Case Series and Literature Review. 2017 Nov;51(8):562-566. doi: 10.1177/1538574417723157. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

 Publication

Dale M, Fitzgerald MP, Liu Z, Meisinger T, Karpisek A, Purcell LN, Carson JS, Harding P, Lang H, Koutakis P, Suh M, Batra R, Mietus CJ, Casale G, Pipinos I, Baxter BT, Xiong W. Correction: Premature aortic smooth muscle cell differentiation contributes to matrix dysregulation in Marfan Syndrome. 2018 Jul 16;13(7):e0200985. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200985. eCollection 2018.

 Publication Baxter BT1, Batra R1 Invited commentary. 2018 Feb;67(2):596. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2017.04.025.
Medical Student Teaching M3 Surgery Student skills lab sessions 07/01/18 - present 
   
Bradley Hall  
Publication Hall B, Padussis J, Foster JM Cytoreduction and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in the Management of Colorectal Peritoneal Metastasis. Surg Clin North Am. 2017 Jun;97(3):671-682. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2017.01.013. [PMID: 28501254]
Publication Gautam SK1, Kumar S1, Cannon A1, Hall B1,2, Bhatia R1, Nasser MW1, Mahapatra S1,3,4, Batra SK1,5,4, Jain M1,4 MUC4 mucin- a therapeutic target for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2017 Jul;21(7):657-669. doi: 10.1080/14728222.2017.1323880. Epub 2017 May 29. [PMID 28460571]
 Publication  Are C1, Yanala U2, Malhotra G2, Hall B2, Smith L3, Cummings C4, Lecoq C5, Wyld L6, Audisio RA7, Berman RS8. Global curriculum in research literacy for the surgical oncologist. 2018 Jan;44(1):31-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2017.07.017. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
Poster Hall BR, Miller J, Reilly D. Panniculectomy: Trends in Morbidity and Outcomes by Surgical Specialty. American Society for Plastic Surgeons annual meeting – 2018
Poster Hall BR, Armijo PR, Batra R, Fuglestad M, Oleynikov D, Langenfeld S, Leinicke J. Loop Ileostomy with Colonic Lavage is a Safe Treatment Option for Severe Clostridium Difficile Colitis And Does Not Result in Subsequent Colectomy. American Society of Colon and Rectum Surgery annual meeting – 2018
 Poster Batra R, Fuglestad M, Hall BR, Luo J, Leinicke J, Langenfeld S. Trends in Elective Surgery for Diverticular Disease: A Procedure-Targeted NSQIP analysis (2012-2016). American Society of Colon and Rectum Surgery annual meeting – 2018
 Poster Hall BR, Armijo PR, Leinicke JA, Langenfeld SJ, Oleynikov D. Delayed Total Abdominal Colectomy For Severe Clostridium Difficile Infection is Associated with Increased Mortality, Postoperative Complications, and Cost. Southwestern Surgical Congress annual meeting – 2018
 Poster Hall BR, Sleightholm R, Sayles H, Smith LM, Are C. Factors Associated with Return to Operating Room Following Pancreatic Resection for Malignancy. American Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association annual meeting – 2018
 Poster Hall BR, Sleightholm R, Sayles H, Smith L, Are C. Predicting Pancreatic Fistula in Patients Undergoing Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma. Society of Surgical Oncology annual meeting – 2018
 Poster Hall BR, Cannon A, Atri P, Wichman C, Smith L, Ganti A, Are C, Sasson A, Kumar S, Batra SK. Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: a Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials Over Thirty Years. Society of Surgical Oncology annual meeting – 2018
 Poster Hall BR, Cannon A, Atri P, Ganti A, Wichman C, Smith L, Wang H, Sasson A, Are C, Kumar S, Batra SK. A Comparative Analysis of Discrepancies in Research Funding Among Cancers with High Mortality. Society of Surgical Oncology annual meeting – 2018
 
 Poster Bhatia R, Joshi S, Aithal A, Junker W, Cannon A, Hall B, Thompson C, Kumar S, Batra SK, Jain M. MUC4 interaction with EGFR and its potential implications in pancreatic cancer. American Pancreatic Association annual meeting – 2017
 
 Poster Hall BR, Santhamma B, Cannon A, Bhatia R, Kumar S, Are C, Nair H, Nickisch K, Batra SK. Development of cell line derived organoids to evaluate stroma targeted therapies in pancreatic cancer. American Association of Cancer Research annual meeting – 2017
 
Poster Hall BR, Atria P, Cannon A, Kumar S, Wichman CS, Smith LM, Wong H, Sasson AR, Are C, Ganti AK, Batra SK. 30-Year Meta-Analysis of Clinical Trials in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: Progress to Date and Comparative Analysis Versus Other Cancers. UNMC Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Research Symposium – 2017
Poster Hall BR, Armijo P, Burnett T, Oleynikov D. Emergent Cholecystectomy is superior to percutaneous cholecystostomy tube placement in severely ill patient with emergent calculous cholecystitis. Southwestern Surgical Congress annual meeting – 2017
Poster Pagkratis S, Hall B, Armijo PR, Oleynikov D. 698-Transgastric Laparoscopic Resection of a Stomach Mass at the Gastro-Esophageal Junction. Gastroenterology. 2017 Apr 30;152(5):S1223.
Poster Cannon A, Kumar S, Hall BR, Bhatia R, Singh R, Batra SK. Pancreatic cancer cell interaction with platelets impedes cell cycle progression and increases viability. American Association of Cancer Research annual meeting – 2017
Poster Cannon A, Hall BR, Lueck B, Are C, Batra SK, Kumar S. Chemokine receptor 3 and platelet factor 4 axis promotes survival and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells. Society of Surgical Oncology annual meeting – 2017
Poster Crawford C, Lomelin D, Hall BR, Kothari V. Laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis catheter placement: Is it a cost-effective strategy for catheter placement? Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons annual meeting – 2016
Poster Hall BR, White R, Osna N. Tubercidin Suppresses Proteasome Activity and Reduces Reactive Oxygen Species in HCV infected hepatocytes. UNMC Summer Undergraduate Research Program symposium – 2009
Book Chapter Cannon A, Gupta S, Bhatia R, Hall BR, Batra SK, Kumar S. Targeting Tumor Microenvironment. Molecular Medicine for Cancer Concepts and Applications of Nanotechnology. In print.
Book Chapter Uwe AW, Hall BR, Batra SK. Smoking, a risk factor for pancreatic cancer: experimental and clinical data. The Pancreas: An Integrated Textbook of Basic Science, Medicine, and Surgery, 3rd Published February 2018. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. The Wiley online library.
Publication Hall BR1,2, Cannon A2, Atri P2, Wichman CS3, Smith LM3, Ganti AK4,5, Are C1, Sasson AR6, Kumar S2, Batra SK2,7. Advanced pancreatic cancer: a meta-analysis of clinical trials over thirty years. 2018 Apr 10;9(27):19396-19405. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.25036. eCollection 2018 Apr 10.
Publication Hall BR1, Armijo PR2, Krause C3, Burnett T4, Oleynikov D5. Emergent cholecystectomy is superior to percutaneous cholecystostomy tube placement in critically ill patients with emergent calculous cholecystitis. 2018 Jul;216(1):116-119. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2017.11.002. Epub 2017 Nov 3.
Publication Are C1, Yanala U2, Malhotra G2, Hall B2, Smith L3, Wyld L4, Cummings C5, Lecoq C6, Audisio RA7, Berman RS8. Global Curriculum in Research Literacy for the Surgical Oncologist. 2018 Mar;25(3):604-616. doi: 10.1245/s10434-017-6277-5. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
Medical Student Teaching M4 Surgical skills immersion course skills session 04/06/18 
   
Bhavani Pokala  
Publication Pratap A1, Pokala B2, Vargas LM3, Oleynikov D2, Kothari V2. Laparoscopic endoscopic combined surgery for removal of migrated coil after embolization of ruptured splenic artery aneurysm. 2018 Feb 13;2018(2):rjx242. doi: 10.1093/jscr/rjx242. eCollection 2018 Feb.
Medical Student Teaching M3 Surgery Student skills lab sessions 07/01/18 - present
   
Ujwal Yanala  
Publication Malhotra Gk, Yanala U, Ravipati A, Follet M, Vijayakumar M, Are C Global trends in esophageal cancer.  J Surg Oncol. 2017 Apr;115(5):564-579. doi: 10.1002/jso.24592. Epub 2017 Mar 20. [PMID:28320055]
 Publication  Are C1, Yanala U2, Malhotra G2, Hall B2, Smith L3, Wyld L4, Cummings C5, Lecoq C6, Audisio RA7, Berman RS8. Global Curriculum in Research Literacy for the Surgical Oncologist. 2018 Mar;25(3):604-616. doi: 10.1245/s10434-017-6277-5. Epub 2017 Dec 11. [PMID: 29230575]
 Publication  Are C1, Yanala U2, Malhotra G2, Hall B2, Smith L3, Cummings C4, Lecoq C5, Wyld L6, Audisio RA7, Berman RS8. Global curriculum in research literacy for the surgical oncologist. 2018 Jan;44(1):31-42. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2017.07.017. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
   
Paul Aylward  
Medical Student Teaching Lung Mass Lecture for M3 Students 07/01/18 - present
Medical Student Teaching M3 Surgery Student skills lab sessions 07/01/18 - present
Medical Student Teaching M4 Surgical skills immersion course lecture - 04/04/18
   
Matt Fuglestad
 
Poster Gao Y, Aravind S, Fuglestad MA, Hansen C, Zhu Z, Li S, Niyogi U, Casale GP, Pipinos II, Carlson MA. “Characterization of a Porcine Model for the Study of Peripheral Arterial Disease.” Poster presentation at Nebraska Physiological Society, Omaha, NE, 2017
 Oral Fuglestad MA, Hernandez H, Ybay H, Schieber M, Brunette K, Gao Y, Hassan M, Myers S, Casale G, Pipinos. “Characterization of Peripheral Artery Disease by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy.” Oral Presentation at Vascular Research Initiatives Conference, San Francisco, CA, 2018
Poster Fuglestad MA, Hernandez H, Ybay H, Schieber M, Brunette K, Gao Y, Hassan M, Myers S, Casale GP, Pipinos. “Characterization of Peripheral Artery Disease by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy.” Poster presentation at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, San Francisco Conference, CA, 2018
Poster Pipinos II, Myers S, Fuglestad MA, Koutakis P, Li S, Kim J, Zhu Z, Thompson J, Ha D, Johanning J, Casale GP. “Revascularization Improves the Hemodynamics, Function, and Myopathy of Legs of Claudicating Patients.” Poster Presentation at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Conference, San Francisco, CA, 2018
Poster Gao, Y, Aravind, S, Fuglestad, MA, Hansen C, Casale GP, Carlson, MA, Pipinos, II. “Collateral Development in Swine After Ligation of Native Leg Arteries.” Poster Presentation at Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology Conference, San Francisco, CA, 2018
Poster Batra, R; Fuglestad, MA; Hall, B; Luo, J; Leinike, J; Langenfeld, S. “Different Strokes for Different Folks: Trends in Elective Surgery for Diverticular Disease.” Poster Presentation at ASCRS National Meeting, Nashville, Tennessee, 2018
Poster Hall BR,  Armijo PR, Batra R, Fuglestad MA, Oleynikov D, Langenfeld S, Leinicke J. “Loop Ileostomy With Colonic Lavage Is a Safe Treatment Option for Severe Clostridium Difficile Colitis and Does Not Result in Subsequent Colectomy.” Poster Presentation at ASCRS National Meeting, Nashville, Tennessee, 2018
Grand Rounds Fuglestad, MA. “What is PAD? How do we detect it? & How does it respond to revascularization?” Department of Surgery Grand Rounds Presentation at University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, 2018
Book Chapter Fuglestad, MA; Waisbren, SJ. Two-Port Totally Extraperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair:  A Ten-Year Experience.  Hernia.  June 2016, Vol. 20,  No. 3, pp 423–428
Book Chapter Fuglestad, MA; Schenarts, PJ. Supervision Is Not Education: The Dark Side of Remote Access to the Electronic Health Record. J Grad Med Educ. December 2017, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 714-715.
 Publication Fuglestad MA, Schenarts PJ. Supervision Is Not Education: The Dark Side of Remote Access to the Electronic Health Record. 2017 Dec;9(6):714-715. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-17-00737.1.
Medical Student Teaching M3 Student Surgery Skills sessions 07/01/18 - present
Medical Student Teaching M4 Surgical skills immersion course skills session 04/06/18
   
Neesha Patel  
Medical Student Teaching M3 Student Surgery Skills sessions 07/01/18 - present
Medical Student Teaching Lung Mass Lecture for M3 Students 07/01/18 - present
   
   
Jeffrey Carson  
Manuscript Carson, J.S., Smith. L.,  Are, M., Azarow, K., Mercer, D.W., Edney, J., Thompson, J.S., Are, C. National Trends in Minimally Invasive and Open Operative Experience of Graduating General Surgery Residents: Implications for Surgical Skills Curricula Development? The American Journal of Surgery, 202(6), 12/2011, 720-726.
Submitted Manuscript Carson, J.S., Bedrnicek, J., Abdessalam, S. Radiographically negative, asymptomatic, sentinel lymph node positive cutaneous T-Cell lymphoma in a 3 year old male: A case report. Submitted for review, Case Reports in Pediatrics 07/2012
Poster Carson, J.S., Worth, J., Stothert, J., Azarow, K., Delayed Femoral Shaft Fracture After Gun Shot Wound to Thigh. Presented at Great Plains Regional Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; Omaha, NE. 08/2010
Poster Carson, J.S., Lostroh, P., Environmental Regulators of the Transcriptional Activator, HilA, in Salmonella bongori. Presented at Pew Undergraduate Research Convention; Chicago, IL. 10/2004.
Oral Presentation Carson, J.S., Smith. L., Are, M., Azarow, K., Mercer, D.W., Edney, J., Thompson, J.S., Are, C. National Trends in Minimally Invasive and Open Operative Experience of Graduating General Surgery Residents: Implications for Surgical Skills Curricula Development? Presented at 63rd annual meeting of The Southwestern Surgical Congress, Ko Olina, HI. 04/2011
Oral Presentation Carson, J.S., Salmonella Mutagenesis: Investigating Genetic Regulators of Salmonella bongori. Presented at Colorado College Senior Thesis Honors Presentation; Colorado Springs, CO. 05/2006
Dedicated Basic Science Research

UNMC Department of Vascular Surgery with Dr. Timothy Baxter, Investigating cellular and immune moderators in the formation of AAA
07/2012-Present (2 years)

Clinical Research

UNMC Department of Pediatric Surgery with Dr. Kenneth Azarow,
Investigating clinical outcomes of orchiopexy from all cases done at Children’s Hospital and Medical Center.
01/2011-Present

Clinical Research

UNMC Department of Pediatric Surgery with Dr. Kenneth Azarow,
Investigating neurodevelopmental delays in children with intestinal failure on TPN
07/2012-Present

Educational Research UNMC Department of General Surgery with Dr. Chandra Are,
Educational research investigating resident perceptions of Quality Control education in general surgery residency and the effect of a structured curriculum
Medical Student Education Lectures Introduction to Surgery Clerkship (Every 8 weeks)
Lines and Drains (Every 8 weeks)
Suturing and knot tying (Every 8 weeks)
Medical Student Education Skills Sessions Suturing and knot tying session for Primary Care Block Rotation (M1)
Suturing and knot tying basics for M3 Students (Every 8 weeks)
   
Jonathan Thompson  
Presentation - Regional Thompson JR et al "Protein and Mitochondrial Content in the Gastrocnemius Predicts Mortality Rates in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease - Midwestern Vascular Surgical Society Poster, September 6, 2012
Presentation - National Thompson JR et al "Protein and Mitochondrial Content in the Gastrocnemius Predicts Mortality Rates in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease - American College of Surgeons Surgical Forum Oral Presentation, October 3, 2012
Grand Rounds Thompson JR "The Pathophysiology of Peripheral Arterial Disease: investigating muscle inflammation" University of Nebraska Medical Center, February 29, 2012
Dedicated Research Time Lab of Iraklis I Pipinos, July 1, 2012 - present
Medical Student Teaching Skin and Wound Healing Lecture for M3 students, March 2, 2010
Medical Student Teaching Lines, Drains, & Tubes Lecture for M3 students starting Surgery Rotation: 7/29/11, 9/9/11, 11/4/11, 1/3/12, 2/27/12, 4/30/12, 8/27/12
Medical Student Teaching Suture lecture and Didactic suture session for M3 students starting Surgery Rotation: 7/29/11, 9/9/11, 11/4/11, 1/3/12, 2/27/12, 4/30/12, 8/27/12
Medical Student Teaching Co-Coordinator of M4 Surgery Boot Camp, April 2, 2012 - April 27, 2012