What is sexual harassment?
Sexual Harassment a type of sex discrimination, is specifically prohibited by the University as well as federal laws such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) and Title IX.
- Under Title IX, sexual harassment means conduct on the basis of sex that satisfies one or more of the following:
- An employee of the University conditioning the provision of an aid, benefit, or service of the University on an individual’s participation in unwelcome sexual conduct;
- Unwelcome conduct determined by a reasonable person to be so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it effectively denies a person equal access to the University’s education program or activity; or
- “Sexual assault” as defined in 20 U.S.C. 1092(f)(6)(A)(v), “dating violence” as defined in 34 U.S.C. 12291(a)(10), “domestic violence” as defined in 34 U.S.C. 12291(a)(8), or “stalking” as defined in 34 U.S.C. 12291(a)(30).
Under Title VII, which applies to employees only, sexual harassment also means unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance, or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment, sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the conditions of the individual’s employment and create an abusive working environment.
Who perpetrates sexual harassment?
Perpetrator can be anyone regardless of gender, age, ability, sexual orientation, gender identity, socio-economic status or race. They do not have to be the opposite sex of the victim. This is to include but not limited to the victim's supervisor, a client, a co-worker, a teacher or professor, a schoolmate, a stranger, even a family member.
Who are victims of sexual harassment?
Sexual harassment can happen to anyone regardless of gender, age, ability, sexual orientation, gender identity, socio-economic status or race. The victim does not have to be the person directly harassed but can be anyone who finds the behavior offensive and is affected by it.