Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R or physiatry) is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of functional impairments involving the neurological and musculoskeletal systems. PM&R encompasses the treatment of children and adults, and offers several subspecialty areas of concentration – pediatric rehab, spinal cord injury medicine, brain injury medicine, neuromuscular disease, sports medicine, pain medicine and palliative care.  PM&R physicians promote a holistic, patient-centered approach which often involves leading and coordinating an interdisciplinary team, that might include physical and occupational therapists, speech-language pathologists, psychologists, rehabilitation nurses, and specialists in prosthetics and orthotics. Our patients are of all ages, and include conditions such as abnormal muscle tone and weakness/ spasticity; gait problems (difficulty walking); survivors of stroke, brain injury or spinal cord injury; neuromuscular diseases producing loss of function; peripheral neuropathy; amputees; arthritis that causes pain or impairment; lumbar (low back) and cervical (neck) pain, degenerative disc problems, and many others.