Residency Overview

Residency Overview:


The Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Residency at the University of Nebraska Medical Center is a fully-integrated 72-month (6-year) MD/OMFS accredited program.

The resident must take the National Board of Medical Exmaminers USMLE Step 1 exam prior to the start of the first academic year. This is in conjunction with the UNMC College of Medicine integrated MD/OMFS program.

First Year (PGY-1)
The first year resident spends twelve (12) months on the oral and maxillofacial surgery service between the Nebraska Medical Center/UNMC-affiliated hospitals, Omaha Veterans Administration Hospital (OVAH) and Creighton University School of Dentistry. The resident works closely with the chief resident, providing both inpatient and outpatient care. The resident has primary responsibility for examining, diagnosing and treating patients in the outpatient clinic. The resident also assumes responsibility for inpatients under the supervision of the chief resident, assists the chief resident and staff with operating room cases and serves as junior surgeon on operating room cases. 

Second Year (PGY-2)
The second year resident spends twelve (12) months as a full-time medical student enrolled in the nationally ranked UNMC College of Medicine, completing third-year medical school clerkships.These are mandatory third-year clerkships in Surgery, Pediatrics, Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, and Ob/Gyn. The opportunity to gain a medical education from a premier institution, enhances the future surgical and medical management of the patients that are treated by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. During this year in medical school, the resident is responsible for tuition to the College of Medicine, at the in-state resident rate. Medical school scholarships are available. There is no resident stipend during the second year (PGY-2) of the program.

Third Year (PGY-3)
The third year resident continues within the UNMC College of Medicine, completing elective rotations as a 4th-year medical student, graduating from medical school in May of their third year. All requirements set-forth by the College of Medicine are completed during this year. During this twelve (12) month period the resident spends 4 months on the OMFS service and 4 months on Anesthesia. The remaining months are for medical school elective rotations. The resident may take elective clerkships in areas of interest that will benefit them as oral and maxillofacial surgeons.

While the resident is still responsible for tuition to the College of Medicine during this year, the resident is also paid half the resident salary stipend during this year, which is a great benefit for residents. Residents must register for the USMLE Step 2 CK (Clinical Knowledge) by April 1st of their fourth year of medical school.

Fourth Year (PGY-4)
The fourth year resident spends their time completing one-year of ACGME-accredited General Surgery rotations. Rotations include Plastic Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Neurosurgery, Critical Care Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Craniofacial Surgery, and Thoracic Surgery. One (1) month is spent on Pediatric Anesthesia at the Children’s Hospital & Medical Center thus completing the requirements for 5 months of anesthesia rotations. After completing the fourth year of residency, the resident will receive a certificate of 12-months ACGME credit necessary for medical licensure.

Please Note: Recent changes to state medical-licensure requirements have not been an issue for UNMC program graduates, as state medical boards have provisions in place for graduates of accredited OMFS training programs. Graduates from the UNMC OMFS program have always been able to achieve full medical licensure in any state of their choosing.

Fifth Year (PGY-5)
The fifth year resident rotates 3 months on Plastic-Craniofacial Surgery, 3 months on Head and Neck Surgical Oncology at Methodist Hospital, and 6 months on the OMFS service. The resident is given progressive responsibility throughout this year, with numerous opportunities as primary operating resident surgeon, preparatory to becoming a Chief Resident. 

Sixth Year (Chief Year, PGY-6)
The sixth year resident spends twelve (12) months of their time functioning as a Chief OMFS resident assuming the responsibility for the overall function of the oral and maxillofacial service. Additionally, the resident has the opportunity to rotate at hospitals in Lincoln, Nebraska and perform cosmetic, trauma, and general oral and maxillofacial surgery. The resident is expected to be the primary operating resident surgeon on all major cases.

Licensure: The resident must maintain an active dental license and DEA license from the first year onward. Additionally, the resident must establish and maintain medical licensure following the requisite medical school and general surgery training.  The resident will maintain BLS, ACLS, PALS, ATLS certification. The resident must complete the National Board of Medical Examiners USMLE Step 2 during medical school and Step 3 prior to completion of their fourth year of the program.

Research/Publication: During his or her residency, each resident is expected to prepare and submit at least one paper to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. This paper may be the result of laboratory or clinical research, and each resident is encouraged to formulate and implement an original project beginning in their first year of training. However, significant involvement in established faculty research may satisfy this requirement. At the minimum, an abstract must be submitted to AAOMS (or similar) for presentation by each resident by their last year.

Board certification: Residents take the yearly OMSITE in-service examination of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. UNMC's Residency Program is designed to exceed the educational requirements of the Commission On Dental Accreditation and American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. With the broad scope of training, the program prepares the resident to obtain board certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (ABOMS).

Over ninety-five percent of the UNMC residents completing the integrated MD/OMFS program and taking the ABOMS exam have passed, as compared to eighty-percent nationally. Success on the ABOMS examination is a function of training, experience, and most importantly, individual preparation. However, this is only one measure of the quality of an oral and maxillofacial surgery residency program. 


To learn about the application process in becoming a resident at the UNMC Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Residency Program, please click here.