Residency Overview

Residency Overview:


The Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Residency at the University of Nebraska Medical Center is a fully-integrated 72-month (6-year) MD/OMFS accredited program.

The resident must take the National Board of Medical Exmaminers USMLE Step 1 exam prior to the start of the first academic year. This is in conjunction with the UNMC College of Medicine integrated MD/OMFS program. The resident must successfully complete Step 1 following a maximum of two attempts in order to continue in the program.

First Year (PGY-1)
The first year resident spends nine (9) months on the oral and maxillofacial surgery service between the Nebraska Medical Center/UNMC-affiliated hospitals, Omaha Veterans Administration Hospital (OVAH) and Creighton University School of Dentistry. The resident works closely with the chief resident, providing both inpatient and outpatient care. The resident has primary responsibility for examining, diagnosing and treating patients in the outpatient clinic. The resident also assumes responsibility for inpatients under the supervision of the chief resident, assists the chief resident and staff with operating room cases and serves as primary surgeon on operating room cases. 

The last three (3) months are spent as a full-time medical student of the UNMC College of Medicine, completing third year medical school clerkships. These are mandatory third year clerkships in Surgery, Pediatrics, Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Psychiatry, and Ob/Gyn, that will continue into the second year of the residency program. The opportunity to gain a medical education from a premier institution, enhances the future surgical and medical management of the patients that are treated by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.

Second Year (PGY-2)
The second year resident continues as a third year medical student completing the remaining medical school clerkships. During this year in medical school, the resident is responsible for tuition to the College of Medicine, as an in-state resident. The College of Medicine retains all rights in the selection of students. Medical school scholarships are available.There is no resident stipend during the 3rd year. 

The resident begins the fourth year of medical school rotations in April of their second year. The first three (3) months of fourth year medical school will be spent on the OMFS service.

Third Year (PGY-3)
The third year resident continues as a fourth year medical student, fulfilling requirements of the College of Medicine. The resident spends 3 total months on the OMFS service and 4 months on Anesthesia. The remaining months are for electives. The resident may take additional elective clerkships in areas of interest that will benefit them as oral and maxillofacial surgeons. In the final few months of their medical education, students will take three Fundamental Transitional Rotations. The senior electives will also include a one-month Wellness Block as well as a Capstone Experience.

While the resident is still responsible for tuition to the College of Medicine during this year, the resident is also paid half the resident salary stipend during this year. Students must register for the USMLE Step 2 CK (Clinical Knowledge) & CS (Clinical Skills) by April 1st of your fourth year of medical school.

Fourth Year (PGY-4)
The fourth year resident spends their time completing one-year of General Surgery rotations. Rotations include Plastic Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Neurosurgery, Critical Care, Vascular Surgery, Craniofacial Surgery and 4 months of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology. One month is spent on Pediatric Anesthesia at the Children’s Hospital & Medical Center.

Fifth Year (PGY-5)
The fifth year resident rotates 3 months on Craniofacial Surgery, 2 months on Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, and 7 months on the OMFS service. The resident is given progressive responsibility throughout this year, with numerous opportunities as primary operating surgeon, preparatory to becoming a Chief Resident. After completing the fourth and fifth years of residency, the resident will receive a certificate of 24-months ACGME credit necessary for medical licensure.

Sixth Year (Chief Year, PGY-6)
The sixth year resident spends their time functioning as a Chief OMFS resident assuming the responsibility for the overall function of the oral and maxillofacial service.  Additionally, the resident has the opportunity to rotate at hospitals in Lincoln, Nebraska and perform facial cosmetic, trauma, and general oral and maxillofacial surgery. The resident is expected to be the primary operating surgeon on all major cases.

Licensure: The resident must maintain an active dental license and DEA license from the first year onward. Additionally, the resident must establish and maintain medical licensure following the requisite medical school and general surgery training.  The resident will maintain BLS, ACLS, PALS, ATLS certification. The resident must complete the National Board of Medical Examiners USMLE Step 2 during medical school and Step 3 prior to completion of the program.

Research/Publication: During his or her residency, each resident is expected to prepare and submit at least one paper to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. This paper may be the result of laboratory or clinical research, and each resident is encouraged to formulate and implement an original project beginning in their first year of training. However, significant involvement in established faculty research may satisfy this requirement. At the minimum, an abstract must be submitted to the AAOMS for presentation by each resident by their senior year.

Board certification: Residents take the yearly OMSITE in-service examination of the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. UNMC's Residency Program is designed to meet the educational requirements of the Commission on Dental Accreditation. With the broad scope of training, the program prepares the resident to obtain board certification by the American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (ABOMS).

Over ninety-five percent of the UNMC residents completing the integrated MD/OMFS program and taking the ABOMS exam have passed, as compared to the about eighty-percent nationally. Success on the ABOMS examination is a function of training, experience, and most importantly, individual preparation. However, this is only one measure of the quality of an oral and maxillofacial surgery residency program. 


To learn about the application process in becoming a resident at the UNMC Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Residency Program, please click here.